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제목 시멘트 모르타르 초음파 경화도 측정기 - New Ultrasonic Data Logger from Schleibinger, Germany 날짜 2006.08.09 13:59
글쓴이 관리자 조회 5063

시멘트 나 모르타르의 초기 경화 거동 측정을 위해  새롭게 탄생한 세계 최초 초음파 경화도 측정 장치 출시 - 2006년 8월


 











 


Measuring the Early Setting and Hardening with the Schleibinger Ultrasonic Datalogger


The early setting is usual measured with the penetrometer or the Vicat apparatus. This kind of measurement has some disadvantages. In the early sixties some researchers sugested to use the ultrasonic transition time as method for measuring the setting of mortars or fresh concrete. In cooperation with the German dry mix company Hasit, Schleibinger developed a special datalogger which controls up to 2 common ultrasonic puls indicators, like the well known Pundit 7 .










Measurement Principle


Fresh mortar is setting between two ultrasonic transducers, which are supplied with 1..10 pulses per second at a frequency of 54 kHz. The mortar changes, according to the setting, the ultrasonic transition time. From the beginning of first contact of the growing binder-stone, the ultrasonic sound speed increases. If there is a complete cristaline structure the change of the sound speed will be slower. Until a further aggregation of the cement stone it increases again.




 


Measurement Setup


Each measurement cell is supplied with a pair of ultrasonic transducers. A common Pundit 7 ultrasonic test instrument continously measures the ultrasonic transition time. The data sets are sent digitally to the Schleibiunger data-logger. This data-loger controls the Pundit7 and records the data on a non valotile memory. Two Pundit 7, and therefore to measurement cells may be connected to one Schleibinger data-logger. As an option you may also record temperature and humidity of the specimen or the enviroment.


The Schleibinger data.logger is an aoutonomous instrument, during the tests no PC is required. The data logger has a network interface (Ethernet), and may be integrated directly in your laboratory network. For setup and data upload, a browser software like the Internet Explorer or the Firefox is necessary, but no special software must be installed on your PC. Also a direct link from the logger to your PC is possible. The data plots may be displayed in your browser or may be directly imported into your Excel worksheet. The software was developed at Schleibinger and my be adapted to your special requirements.






Application Example


Dr. B. Gerstner and F. Richartz from the Hasit central lab ( http://www.hasit.de ) made some tests to compare the Vicat and the ultrasonic method.








Penetration depth in mm over time in minutes - 5 times measured with same material and the same water/binder ratio


Tests with the Vicat Apperatus


With the Vicat apperatus the deviation in percent depends on the penetration depth. With this tests the deviation range was from 27% to 40%.








Ultrasonic sound speed in m/s over time in minutes - 5 times measured with same material and the same water/binder ratio







Test with the Ultrasonic Method


With the ultrasonic test the deviation was 18%. So the ultrasonic method is more accuray the the Vicat method.





 


Pentetration depth (blue) in mm and and ultrasonic sound speed (magenta) in m/s over time in minutes - 5 times measured with same material and the same water/binder ratio








Pentetration depth in mm over the ultrasonic sound speed for 2 materials (KIS) with different water/binder ratio and another material (RGB)


Comparision of Both Methods


The correlation between teh Vicat test and the ultrasonic method is different for various materials and mix designs. For each mix design a calibration betwen both methods must be done. Once you have got his curve the Vicat test may be replaced by the ultrasonic test.


The costs for the equipment are moderate higher for the ulrasonic setup, but you can do this test with less man power and you will get more objective results.







Specification Pundit 7:

































































Transit Time Measurement Range


0.1µs to 6553µs


Auto-ranging of two scales


0.1µs .. 999.9µs and 1.000ms .. 6.553ms


Frequency


54kHz, others available (24kHz..1MHz)


Accuracy


+/- 0.1µs


Over Range Indication


shown on the display


Calibrated Refernce Range


- 99.9µs + 199.9µs


Input Sensitivity


250µV


Bandwidth -3db


10kHz .. 1.25MHz


Transmitter Excitation Voltage


250V, 500V, 750V & 1000V


Pulswidth


< 1µs


Puls Repetition Frequency


1 .. 100Hz in 1 Hz Steps


Power Supply


Mains or Internal Battery


Mains Input


85V .. 265V 50/60Hz


Internal Battery


Nickel Metal Hydride


Display


Liquid Crystal 56mm x 38mm


BNC Rx Output


10 x Received Signal


BNC Tx Output


Rectangular pulse width a length equal to the non zeroed transit time


BNC Sync Puls


1V Puls


RS232 Interface


9p Sub-D -plug Baud Rate variable, Parity None, 8 Data Bits, 1Stop Bit












Specification Schleibinger Data-Logger






































Recorder Memory


256 MByte ca. 90 days


Inputs


2 * RS232 for. Pundit7


Network Interface


Ethernet, 10BaseT, RJ45


Network Services


FTP, HTTP, Telnet, DHCP, DNS


Power Supply


90..240V 50..60 Hz


Setup over Browser


Sampling Rate, Puls Repetition Frequency, Excitation Voltage, Specimen Width for each Pundit 7


Data Format


ASCII, Date, Time, Ultrasonic Speed








Temperature Sensor (optional)


RTD PT1000 / -20..90 °C / ±0,3 K


Humidity Sensor (optional)


2..90% ±2% rel. Hum.







Order Info





















Schleibinger Data Logger


U0100


Pundit 7 with 54 kHz transducers


C0055


Option Temperature Measurement


S0013


Option Temperature and Humidity Measurement


S0016




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